Pipeline

Targeting Metabolic Dysfunction Underlying Diseases of Aging

Target Indication Preclinical IND Enabling Activities Clinical Phase 1
Discovery Optimization
MOTS-c Analog CB4211 2 Targets
NASH
Discovery Phase complete
Optimization Phase complete
IND Enabling Activities Phase complete
Clinical Phase 1 Phase in progress
Obesity
Discovery Phase complete
Optimization Phase complete
IND Enabling Activities Phase complete
Clinical Phase 1 Phase in progress
New MDP Analogs 5 Targets
Obesity/NASH
Discovery Phase complete
Optimization Phase in progress
IND Enabling Activities Phase not started
Clinical Phase 1 Phase not started
Type 2 diabetes
Discovery Phase complete
Optimization Phase in progress
IND Enabling Activities Phase not started
Clinical Phase 1 Phase not started
Cancer
Discovery Phase in progress
Optimization Phase not started
IND Enabling Activities Phase not started
Clinical Phase 1 Phase not started
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Discovery Phase in progress
Optimization Phase not started
IND Enabling Activities Phase not started
Clinical Phase 1 Phase not started
Cardiovascular Disease
Discovery Phase in progress
Optimization Phase not started
IND Enabling Activities Phase not started
Clinical Phase 1 Phase not started

Lead Program, CB4211

CB4211 is a novel, optimized analog of MOTS-c, a naturally occurring mitochondrial peptide discovered by our founder and his academic collaborator in 2012. Their research in cells and animal models indicated that MOTS-c plays a significant role in the regulation of metabolism. Certain of the original MOTS-c studies were published in an article entitled "The Mitochondrial-Derived Peptide, MOTS-c, Promotes Metabolic Homeostasis and Reduces Obesity and Insulin Resistance," which appeared in the March 3, 2015 edition of the journal Cell Metabolism.

In pre-clinical models, CB4211 has demonstrated significant therapeutic potential for the treatment of NASH, showing improvements in triglyceride levels, as well as favorable effects on liver enzyme markers associated with NAFLD and NASH, and obesity, demonstrating significantly greater weight loss together with more selective reduction of fat mass versus lean mass in head-to-head comparison to a market-leading obesity drug.

The therapeutic effects of CB4211 have been further evaluated in the well-established preclinical STAM™ mouse model of NASH. In this model, treatment with CB4211 resulted in a significant reduction of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score, or NAS, a composite measure of steatosis (fat accumulation), inflammation and hepatocyte ballooning (cellular injury).

In July 2018, the company initiated a Phase 1a/1b safety and biomarker study of CB4211, its led MBT candidate under development as a potential treatment for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and obesity.  CB4211 is the first mitochondria based therapeutic to enter clinical testing.  The double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study will initially assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of CB4211 following single and multiple-ascending doses in healthy subjects. The final Phase 1b stage of the study will be an assessment of safety, tolerability, and activity in obese subjects with non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Assessments will include changes in liver fat assessed by MRI-PDFF, body weight, and biomarkers relevant to NASH and obesity. Data from the study is expected to be available in early 2019.

Lead Program CB4211, Mechanism of Action

The company presented preclinical data on the molecular mechanisms underlying CB4211’s efficacy in animal models of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) at the ADA (American Diabetes Association) 78th Scientific Sessions in June 2018. The poster presentation entitled: “CB4211 is a Potential Treatment for Metabolic Diseases with a Novel Mechanism of Action: Sensitization of the Insulin Reception,” provided in vitro support that CB4211 inhibits adipocyte lipolysis through an insulin-dependent mechanism, a process that is fundamental in the development of liver steatosis.

New MDP Analogs

Our R&D pipeline also includes a number of newly discovered mitochondrial-derived peptides (MDPs) and their analogs. Pre-clinical activities with respect to these peptides are focused on identifying and optimizing those MDPs and their analogs that demonstrate the greatest commercial and therapeutic potential as mitochondria based therapeutics (MBTs). These MDPs and their analogs have demonstrated various degrees of biological activity in a wide range of cell based and/or animal models relevant to diseases, such as NASH, obesity, T2D, cancer, cardiovascular disease and Alzheimer's disease.